Graph Theory with Applications in Chemistry II
PrÃ©sident:
Wendy Myrvold (University of Victoria)
Org:
Patrick Fowler (University of Sheffield) et
Wendy Myrvold (University of Victoria)
[
PDF]
 JACK E GRAVER, Syracuse University
The Fries Structures of a fullerene [PDF] [SLIDES]

Given a fullerene, consider the Kekul\'e structure that gives its Fries
number. The edges of this Kekul\'e structure that do not belong to a
benzene ring turn out to be the union of the edges of the Clar chains of
two distinct Clar structures. The Fries and Clar numbers will be given by
the same Kekul\'e structure when one of these Clar structures is the one
giving the Clar number. We explore the conditions under which this will
occur when the paired pentagons are widely separated.
 ELIZABETH HARTUNG, Massachusetts College of Liberal Arts
The Clar Structures of a Fullerene [PDF] [SLIDES]

A fullerene is a 3regular plane graph consisting of only pentagonal and hexagonal faces. The {\it Fries} and {\it Clar} number of a fullerene are two related parameters, and the Clar number is less understood. We introduce the {\it Clar Structure} of a fullerene, a decomposition designed to compute the Clar number for classes of fullerenes. We also settle an open question with a counterexample: we prove that the Clar and Fries number of a fullerene cannot always be obtained with the same Kekul\'e structure.
 DOUGLAS J KLEIN, Texas A\&M University at Galveston
Substitutionreaction posets in chemistry [PDF]

Substitutionreaction posets represent a chemical reaction placing substituents at different locations of a molecular skeleton. Mathematically, we let $G$ be a permutation group acting on the members of a finite set $S$ representing substitution positions and define a partial ordering of orbits of subsets of $S$. Chemically, poset members represent substitutional isomers, and the associated Hasse diagram a substitutionreaction network. This self dual, ranked poset has unique maximum and minimum elements and coincidence of three metrics: splinoid fitting, cluster expansion; and flownetwork methods. Chemical examples include a 13member poset for benzene, and a 210member poset for polychlorinated biphenyls.
 CRAIG E LARSON, Virginia Commonwealth University
Eigenvalues of Saturated Hydrocarbons [PDF] [SLIDES]

We propose a simplified H\"uckeltype molecularorbital (MO) model for the valence electrons of saturated hydrocarbons and consider the consequent eigenvalue spectrum. We obtain a first foundational result, which every chemist ``knows'', namely that: alkanes are stable, with half their (H\"uckeltype MO) eigenvalues positive and half negative.
 NICO VAN CLEEMPUT, Ghent University
Spherical Tilings by Congruent Quadrangles [PDF] [SLIDES]

A spherical tiling is an edgetoedge partition of the unit sphere into spherical polygons. Each spherical polygon is called a tile. If all tiles are congruent, then it follows from Euler's formula that those tiles are either 3, 4 or 5gons. Polyhedra and tilings are of perennial interest in Chemistry.
In 2002, Ueno and Agaoka completed the classification of spherical tilings by congruent triangles. Recently, Akama and Sakano completed the classification of spherical tilings by congruent daggers and kites.
We will explain the planned approach to classify the remaining spherical tilings by congruent quadrangles and present some first results.